AAA: Halloween child pedestrian fatalities double
A good scare is in good fun on Halloween, but not when it comes to child pedestrian safety. According to Safe Kids Worldwide, children are more than twice as likely to be hit and killed by a car on Halloween than any other day of the year.
Creative costumes, trick-or-treating and bags full of goodies become top Halloween priorities, but safety is often an afterthought. Excited trick-or-treaters easily forget about safety, so drivers, party-goers and parents must be even more alert, as the risk of kids being injured by moving vehicles increases greatly.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reports that Halloween is consistently one of the top three days of the year for pedestrian injuries and fatalities.
“With the increased risk of pedestrian crashes on Halloween night, AAA urges parents to ensure that trick-or-treaters remain safe and that their costumes are highly visible to motorists,” said Martha Mitchell Meade, Manager Public and Government Affairs for AAA Mid-Atlantic. “In addition, motorists must be hyper vigilant, eliminate distractions, slow down and watch for children, as well as have a completely sober designated driver if alcohol is part of a Halloween celebration.”
Halloween is also a statistically dangerous night for drunk driving. Although Halloween falls on a Wednesday this year, many parties will be held this weekend before. Drivers must also take into consideration that some neighborhoods have scheduled trick-or-treating for the weekend as well. The combination of impaired driving and increased pedestrian traffic on Halloween has proven to be a deadly combination.
Tragically, Halloween drunk-driving fatalities are on the rise. From 2012-16 there were 168 drunk driving fatalities nationwide on Halloween night. During that period 44 percent of all people killed in motor vehicle crashes on Halloween night were in crashes involving a drunk driver, according to NHTSA statistics. Children out trick-or-treating and those accompanying them are also at risk, as 14 percent of pedestrian fatalities on Halloween night involved drunk drivers. Younger people are most at risk: The 21- to 34-year-old age group accounted for the most fatalities (46 percent) in drunk-driving crashes on Halloween night in 2016.
AAA Halloween Safety Tips
- Avoid distracted driving / be hyper focused
- Slowdown in residential neighborhoods and obey all traffic signs and signals. Drive at least 5 mph below the posted speed limit to give yourself extra time to react to children who may dart into the street.
- Look for children crossing the street. They may not be paying attention to traffic and may cross the street mid-block or between parked cars.
- Carefully enter and exit driveways and alleys, taking extra care if you are backing up or turning.
- Turn your headlights on to make yourself more visible – even in the daylight.
- Broaden your scanning by looking for children left and right into yards and on front porches.
- Make sure Halloween costumes are flame-retardant and light in color to improve visibility.
- Be bright at night – have trick-or-treaters use glow sticks, blinking lights, reflectors, lighted costumes or wear retro-reflective tape on costumes and on treat buckets.
- Ensure that disguises don’t obstruct vision, and avoid facemasks. Instead, use nontoxic face paint. Also, watch the length of billowy costumes to help avoid tripping.
- Ensure any props are flexible and blunt-tipped to avoid injury from tripping or horseplay.
- Supervise children under age 12 or those who are not mature enough to ensure their personal safety.
- Wear a reflective vest as an example and to help your group be visible.
- Instruct children to travel only in familiar areas and along established routes.
- Teach children to stop only at well-lit houses and to never to enter a stranger’s home or garage.
- Review trick-or-treating safety precautions, including pedestrian and traffic safety rules with children.
- Stay on sidewalks and avoid walking in streets if possible.
- If there are no sidewalks, walk on the left side of the road, facing traffic.
- Look both ways and listen for traffic before crossing the street.
- Watch for cars turning or backing up.
- Cross streets only at the corner, using traffic signals and crosswalks, and never cross between parked vehicles or mid-block.
- Trick-or-treat in a group
- Carry a flashlight but avoid shining it into the eyes of oncoming drivers.
- Arrange a safe ride home and/or designate a driver before partaking in any festivities.
- Before leaving for a party, load ride share apps or put numbers of local cab companies or your designated driver(s) into your phone.
- Walking impaired can be as dangerous as drunk driving. Designate a sober friend to walk you home.
- If you know someone who is about to drive or ride impaired, take their keys and help them make safe travel arrangements to where they are going.