Five steps to diagnose a bad or failing ECM
The engine control module (ECM) is one of the most important components that is found on basically every modern vehicle. Essentially, the ECM functions as your vehicle’s primary computer for many of the vehicle’s engine performance and drivability functions.
The ECM takes the information from the engine’s various sensors and uses that info to calculate and tune engine sparks as well as fuel for maximum power and efficiency.
Given all that info, it’s pretty clear that being able to diagnose a bad or failing Caterpillar ECM, Cat ecm. Here are 5 steps to doing just that.
1. Check engine light turns on
An illuminated check engine light is a possible symptom of a problem with the ECM. The light typically illuminates when there is any issue with a sensor or circuit within the vehicle’s computer. If this occurs, take your car in to a trusted mechanic and have them scan the computer for trouble codes to diagnose if it is an issue with the ECM.
2. Engine is stalling or misfiring
An engine that is behaving erratically may indicate a bad or failing ECM. A faulty computer can cause the vehicle to intermittently stall or misfire. The symptoms may very well come and go and could not appear to have any sort of pattern.
3. Issues with engine performance
Engine performance issues are another common symptom of a problem with your vehicle’s ECM. If the ECM does have any issues, it might throw off the timing and fuel setting of the vehicle’s engine. This can negatively impact its performance and your vehicle can certainly experience a reduction in fuel efficiency, power and acceleration.
4. Poor fuel economy
Bad fuel economy could definitely be a symptom of a failing ECM. The reason why is because a faulty ECM makes it so that your engine will know how much fuel to burn in the combustion process. Typically, a vehicle will in turn consume for fuel than is should. You will end up paying more for gas than you would with a functioning ECM.
5. Car is not starting
A bad ECM could absolutely lead to your vehicle either not starting consistently, or not starting at all. If your car’s ECM fails completely, it will leave your vehicle without an important engine management control. That means that your car will not start or run as a result.
Even if your engine is still able to crank, it will not be able to start without the crucial inputs from its computer. Problems with your car starting are not exclusively a result of a failed ECM. That being said, if your car is not starting, it is obviously a great decision to get your car checked through a complete diagnosis by a professional technician so that you can accurately diagnose the issue.
Hopefully this quick breakdown of ways to diagnose issues with your ECM will help you avoid issues with your car. If you suspect any problems with your ECM, it is best to take your car in to a mechanic as soon as possible.