Helpful tips: Get ready for upcoming winter weather, aftermath
The Harrisonburg Department of Public Works and Harrisonburg Fire Department teamed up to offer tips for local residents to help them weather the upcoming winter storm.
People should not be afraid of severe weather, but they should be prepared. These storms can create many hazards, including wrecks on icy roads, suffering a heart attack while shoveling snow, or developing frostbite or hypothermia from the extreme cold.
Strong winds, extreme cold, heavy snow and ice from these storms can knock down trees and utility poles, isolate homes and farms, and cause structure damage.
The best advice: because road conditions will likely deteriorate quickly, staying home is the best way to ensure emergency responders do not have to respond to additional incidents.
If you do go out, do not attempt to pass snowplows and stay at least 100 feet behind them.
Keep a safe distance of at least five seconds behind other vehicles, and be aware of areas that will ice quicker, such as shaded areas and bridges.
More things to keep in mind
Before the storm
When preparing, think about the potential loss of power, heat, telephone service and the shortage of supplies in case a storm lasts for an extended period.
Make sure to have these items available in your home or at work:
- Battery-powered NOAA Weather Radio
- First aid supplies
- Flashlight and extra batteries
- Extra water and high calorie, nonperishable foods
- Extra medicine and supplies to care for infants and the elderly
- Emergency heating source such as a fireplace, wood stove or space heater (Use properly to avoid a fire, and make sure to ventilate properly!)
- Fire extinguisher and functioning smoke alarms
After the storm
- Clear sidewalks and driveways promptly to prevent slips and falls. Use “short work/long rest” cycles to reduce the chance of overexertion which can lead to exhaustion, heart related problems and medical emergencies.
- Check on your neighbors – even in the current pandemic. Use proper physical distancing and wear a mask and take the time to check on at-risk individuals who may need assistance.
- Adopt-A-Hydrant: Clear fire hydrants located near your property three feet in all directions to help firefighters use them in an emergency.
- Portable generators are useful when temporary or remote electric power is needed, but they also can be hazardous. The primary hazards to avoid when using a generator are carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning from the toxic engine exhaust, electric shock or electrocution, fire and burns.
- Every year, people die in incidents related to portable generator use. Most of the incidents associated with portable generators involve CO poisoning from generators used indoors or in partially enclosed spaces.
Carbon monoxide hazards
- When used in a confined space, generators can produce high levels of CO within minutes. When you use a portable generator, remember that you cannot see or smell CO. Even if you do not smell exhaust fumes, you may still be exposed to CO.
- If you start to feel sick, dizzy or weak while using a generator, get to fresh air right away. Do not delay. The CO from generators can rapidly kill you.
- Never use a generator inside homes, garages, crawlspaces, sheds or similar areas, even when using fans or opening doors and windows for ventilation. Deadly levels of carbon monoxide can quickly build up in these areas and can linger for hours, even after the generator has shut off.
- Follow the instructions that come with your generator. Locate the unit outdoors and far from doors, windows and vents that could allow CO to come indoors.
- Install battery-operated CO alarms or plug-in CO alarms with battery back-up in your home, according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Never store fuel for your generator in the home. Gasoline, propane, kerosene and other flammable liquids should be stored outside of living areas in properly labeled, non-glass safety containers. Do not store them near a fuel-burning appliance, such as a natural gas water heater in a garage.
- Before refueling the generator, turn it off and let it cool down. Gasoline spilled on hot engine parts could ignite.
- Dress for the season: Wear loose, lightweight, warm clothes in layers. Trapped air insulates. Remove layers to avoid perspiration and subsequent chill. Outer garments should be tightly woven, water repellent and hooded. Wear a hat. Half of your body heat loss can be from your head. Cover your mouth to protect your lungs from extreme cold. Mittens, snug at the wrist, are better than gloves. Try to stay dry!